Exploring Architectural Temporality
Kevin Biot, Lena Lo Gatto, Adrien Lagarrigue and Matthieu Butts
This project is a strategic and architectural project for occupation of empty spaces into the St-Jacques quarter in the city of Perpignan.
It’s a social answer to needs of local population, indeed we intervene quickly in demolished empty parcels of St-Jacques to occupy them temporary before a new construction. We promote cheap materials and participation of population to build this temporary project.
Who influences you graphically?
When we decided on the graphical charter through which to present our project, we were widely influenced by some renderings from Europan projects and various images and projects we were able to find on Kooz/Arch.
How does the notion of temporality influence the type of interventions?
The SPOT project takes place in Perpignan, more specifically in the Saint-Jacque neighborhood that is currently being restructured, resulting in more and more infills in the city. These infills are nowadays condemned or transformed into plain bituminous surfaces, laking development for an unknown period of time.
The SPOT project’s aim is to invest these infill regarding the period of time they are freed and the needs of the inhabitants, the facilities being either temporary or definitive. SPOT therefore establishes a rapid intervention, favoring the use of available resources, the participation of the inhabitants to allow a true appropriation of the different sites and the opportunity to perpetuate a public space by magnifying the ruins and allowing its appropriation by the inhabitants.
Therefore the concept of temporality was one of the most determining aspect of our project since our projects are, at least at their inception, meant to be temporary.
The other main part of our work was to identify the needs expressed by the inhabitants of the Saint-Jacques neighborhood in Perpignan that are collected in the « Gulliver charter ». It indicates clearly a request for the improvement of the existing public spaces and a lack of facilities or premises that could be made available for the many associations of the neighborhood.
How could the theme of temporality be explored in how the projects are presented?
We thought it wad be interesting and more efficient to express this concept of temporality by rendering images that would not be very realistic in terms of colors, perpective, textures and materiality … We wanted to present an image that would tell a story rather than framing reality. The imagination reflects temporality, whereas a realistic perspective reflects an image stuck in time, in one very moment.
How do the projects influence the the way you chose to represent them graphically?
Each and every architectural project has its own style, its own identity and its own sensibility, therefore it should have its own graphic rendering. Rather the project is massive or light, utopian or concrete, theoretical or practical, temporary or permanent … A graphic rendering should highlight a project by expressing its essence, therefore a certain architectural vocabulary can be expressed by a certain graphic rendering.
Do you archive the life of these temporal interventions and the site they inhabit before and after?
The SPOT project is meant to offer a new way of designing the city and its infills, therefore we based our interventions on the PSMV of the city of Perpignan, a charter that makes the inventory of the current infills and the ones to come. It also allows us to anticipate the destruction of certain buildings to start working on a the project beforehand.
We would of course have a project follow-up as soon as one is built. Furthermore, the SPOT project is favorable to have the inhabitants participate to the conception and the construction of the projects, meaning we would also make the inventory of the needs, desires and returns they would have on the various projects.
Each project is designed so it could also become permanent, if it comes to outlast other projects and integrates the neighborhood, the aim of the SPOT project being to allow the inhabitants to concretely express their needs and experiment them throughout the city’s space.