Alexis Le Gallo
Intimate House » The site of the City Gâte is an old farm owned by the municipality of Caulnes. It is currently undergoing architectural exploration by architectural students as part of the “TRANS RURAL LAB” project initiated by Catherine Rannou (teacher at ENSAPVS) and coordinated by CAUE 22. We have partnered with this project to propose specific research on living in these changing territories. This project was an opportunity to question with an environmental approach the mix of habitat and work in relation to the agricultural context. The form of habitat required was of the individual grouped type, on the hold of the slabs of the old hangars. The whole forming a diversified, sort of contemporary rural community. On a rural site, we came to densify this space that is the City Gaste. So I wanted to start from a compact volume offering a certain intimacy, opening however to the surrounding nature. My initial figure is therefore a cube pierced by an unheated space developed subsequently in relation to its environment and its inhabitants; Both in materiality and in spatiality. Involved in a bakery and a sales area on the ground floor, the private spaces develop in R + 1 and R + 2 with on the R + 2 a stage dedicated to the children’s rooms: a first room belonging to the son followed by two rooms Bakers who are welcomed by the host family.
« Echo House » The Tiny House is a movement that emerged in the US following the subprime crisis. In response to the housing crisis, a new approach to mobile micro-habitats with low ecological footprint has emerged as a possible alternative to traditional housing. The Tiny Houses are obviously in the continuity of the traditional mobile or experimental mobile habitats, but they are also thought like mini houses, by their comfort and by their constructive way. Before associating our Tiny House with a portrait, I decidedtTo treat of a personage at the same time serigraphist and activist crossing different manifestations throughout France and thus justifying its choice of a mobile habitat.Before receiving a space of work and a space of life, this Tiny was imagined like A place of expression, exchange, protest, and display from which the character could draw his inspiration for the design of his leaflets and posters. This Tiny House would thus be a kind of semi-public space Where the habitat would fade behind a cause.
Who influences you graphically?
Architects such as the Bruther agency or NP2F and Artists such as David Hockney influences me graphically. Many Belgian agencies also inspire me in term of collages.
What defined the diverse graphic languages for the proposal?
I always try to adapt my collages to the context of the project, the references used in my collages are directly concerned with characteristics I wish to transmit. For example, for « Intimate House », botanist’s illustrations and futuristic silo express the experimental side of the projects but also serve to remind us of the agricultural context in which we are.
In recent times there has been a general of appropriation of images as those of Rousseau, what defined the use of this imagery within your proposal?
In the project “Echo House”, I chose to use a luxuriant and plentiful, wild and at the same time sensational vegetation because of the militant activity of my character, of his commitment to the environmental protection as well as by the places in which they would be brought to settle down. That is why Henri Rousseau’s paintings directly inspired me for this collage.
You construct through the use of collage, to what extent can this be applied to the larger notion of architecture practice?
Collages are for me a way of transmitting an atmosphere, of incorporating direct references to the context or important elements of a project.
How did the choice of materiality develop as a response to the environmental approach of the project?
In the project « Intimate House », I chose to use raw soil and sheet metal believed as materials because of a strong context. Not wishing to break the link between the old buildings of the farm and our more contemporary projects of housing environment. Furthermore, we had to join an environmental approach and the raw soil was according to me the adequate material because historically used in this region and very interesting thermically.
You talk about a territory in mutation, how is this explored in the images?
Through these collages I deal with this territory in mutation through various references:
– The experimental side of the site is represented by the botanical illustrations as well as by these futuristic silos.
– The references to the agriculture find themselves in this presence of the nature as well as by these silos.
– Insects, them, make a reference to the job which I gave to the characters, being a breeder of insects and to mold (using flours of insect).