Re-interpretetion in the network of Rural and Urban Trails
Busra Oner, Dersu Deger, Melih Gunduz, Furkan Erkus @ Middle East Technical University
Even though the physical boundaries between rural and urban are getting narrower day by day, everyday life breaks away from the landscape, and the reflection of technological developments does not manifest the same in agricultural production and rural context. The idea that the project is based on is the integration of the Maltepe Gas Plant with the urban and rural context.
The Atatürk Forest Farm (AOÇ), where agricultural technology was developed and produced in the immediate vicinity of factory, has been a major factor in the development of many factories along with its railway axis. The Maltepe Gas Factory was built on the continuation of this railway line and it was articulated at the heart of Ankara at the end of the AOC entering the city. The fact that the railway, which is a network between rural and urban, is in a position to be connected to the city is increasing the importance of the factory.
The new proposal turns the factory, which is part of the production infrastructure via railway, into the meeting point of the city with the countryside. The meeting point establishes a cultural and social connection between Atatürk Forest Farm and the city, which is located in the city and spreads to a wide area of agricultural application.
This link is founded on strengthening the relationship by informing the public and farmers on agricultural developments and practices. While the new proposal is part of the urban and rural infrastructure, it is divided into fragments within itself, creating the necessary ground for agricultural development, where people and farmers can intervene.
- The Farmers’ Congress is a parliamentary structure in which farmers and cooperatives meet and solve problems by bringing together the townspeople and farmers through the political axis intersection defined by railroad axis and Atatürk Boulevard.
- Laboratories constitute units for the development of agriculture technologies in which people can take part and participate in this process.
- Fairgrounds are the activities that the products of agricultural technology can be exhibited.
- The common kitchen is the unit where people come together and return to the social meeting point where the basic activities they perform three times a day.
- Market Areas are a collection of places where farmers can come and sell their products all over the country.
What defined the language of representation of the project?
The unique identity of the Anatolian countryside has taken our attention since the beginning of the project. The multicoloured spirit of geography led us to investigate people who portray this geography. In this context, the bird’s eye view paintings of Yalçın Gökçebağ and the polychromy of its landscapes influenced us and we decided to develop the visual language of our design with respect to this style.
What is your take on the classic orthagonal projections as plan, elevation and section?
In our design, each item such as landscape elements, agricultural plants and structural members has the power of creating a space. Rather than just an architecture that implies standardized urban codes to design, we were trying to construct a system of open fragments that relate to landscape elements, temporary like fairgrounds. Therefore we gave importance to present these structures, which vary according to the season, as parts of a machine network instead of classical drawing techniques.
How important are both the ‘interior’ perspective as well as the aerial views in depicting the project at different scales?
Our primary purpose is to capture the life in the design. With this concern, the aerial views are for describing the solid-void decisions of the structure by representing the public activities of the project. On the other hand, the interior perspectives represent the life and programmatic decisions inside these structures while considering the human scale. To illustrate the relationship of such a transparent building system with public, we reflected the views like festival postcards instead of technical plan drawings.
What was your work process in terms of project development and construction of an argument?
The process began by trying to obtain the intermediate forms between the seasonal structures of rural and the strict, functional language of the Old Gas Factory. In the development of process, we figured out that utilizing an intuitive way in representation would be more fun and thrilling than reproducing strict architectural forms. Reducing architecture into strict definitions under the name of functionalism or anything else was something that we did not want. We took a journey among variety of forms and representation in order to create an intermediary dialect. That way we had a freedom along the development.
What role did the drawing play within the development of the project?
From the beginning of the process, we made collages to experience the idea of rural development across the central anatolia and discussing with the help of drawings which language may be suitable while designing a center for farmers. Drawing also helped us to imagine how these spaces would work and change the life. Process was going simultaneousy with drawings and hypothetical thoughts. Therefore the final outcome is basicly coming from the process.
What tools did you use?
The main tool for modelling is Rhinoceros. For representing the project we use Photoshop collages and Illusturator drawings. We also created collages for thinking and improving our argument.